Dental Trauma is the injury caused to the teeth and face due to falls, accidents and even injury while playing sports like hockey, volleyball, soccer, football, baseball and basketball. When trauma happens, there is bleeding from the nose, ears which cause dizziness, concussion, disorientation, earache and headache, fractural of jaws and even lapse of memory sometimes. Most of the dental hospitals maintain separate surgeons to treat dental trauma and remove emergency tooth and reconstruct the dental arches.
What are the signs and symptoms of Dental Trauma?
Usually, the signs and symptoms are:
- Tooth damage, caused by chipped, cracked, out of place or loose, which gives a sharp feel of a rough border on your tooth.
- You may get cuts on your face or lips and bleed the soft tissues or gums in the mouth.
- You may feel difficult to move your mouth or jaw as a bone in your face is fractured or broken.
- Gives change in the bite or tooth as the teeth is not properly fit when you normally close your mouth.
How is the problem diagnosed?
Your dentist will examine the problem and ask you about how the incident happened and how you were injured. The symptoms need to be shared with dentists and most importantly, you need to inform your dentist about any of your undergone surgeries earlier or dental procedures which is better to get the dental trauma treatment in a better way.
How is it treated?
Treatment is advised based upon the level of dental trauma happened as simple movement in the tooth may heal on its own. If there is a soft tissue wound, then it can be closed with stitches and need to consult your dentist for tooth repair actions. Besides this, there is also the need of:
- Pain killers to relieve pain.
- Antibiotics to prevent infections in the tooth.
- Td vaccine, which acts a booster to help prevent tetanus and diphtheria.
- The suggestion of mouthwash to kill germs and decrease the infection and swelling of gums.